Chemistry of Bioconjugates: Synthesis, Characterization, and by Ravin Narain

By Ravin Narain

Explores bioconjugate houses and purposes of polymers, dendrimers, lipids, nanoparticles, and nanotubes

Bioconjugation has enabled breakthroughs throughout many components of and biomedicine. With its emphasis on synthesis, homes and purposes, this booklet allows readers to appreciate the relationship among chemistry and the organic program of bioconjugated fabrics. Its targeted descriptions of equipment guarantee that researchers to manufacture and take complete benefit of bioconjugates for a huge diversity of purposes. additionally, the booklet units the basis for the advance of latest purposes, together with assays, imaging, biosensors, drug supply, and diagnostics.

Chemistry of Bioconjugates positive factors contributions from a world group of prime specialists and pioneers within the box. those contributions replicate the authors' firsthand laboratory event in addition to a radical assessment of the present literature. The book's six sections examine:

General tools of bioconjugation
Polymer bioconjugates

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Additional info for Chemistry of Bioconjugates: Synthesis, Characterization, and Biomedical Applications

Example text

39 Keep the mixture at room temperature for 8 hours. Quench with 250 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 8) to passivate any unreacted SCNE. 8 Bioorthogonal Reactions The selective conjugation or derivatization of biomolecules has long been a significant barrier due to the vast array of functionality present in biological milieu. Many side reactions and nonspecific labeling are unavoidable. The vast complexity of the cellular systems renders the study of biomolecules in their native environments very challenging.

Aldehydes will react with hydrazides and amines at pH 5–7 to form hydrazone and imine linkages respectively. Imine linkage can be subsequently reduced by NaBH3 CN to the more stable amine bond. The reaction with hydrazides is typically faster than with amines, rendering them vital for site-specific cross-linking. 34). Glutaraldehyde’s popularity is mainly due to its commercial availability, low cost, high reactivity, and thermally and chemically stable cross-links [217]. In this case also, the twostep experimental protocol is more efficient than the singlestep bioconjugation method [216].

Note: The general precaution for amine conjugation is to avoid buffers containing amines such as Tris or glycine. Coupling through thiol (sulfhydryl) groups is advantageous since it can be site directed, allow for sequential coupling and yield cleavable products. Usually, a protein in a complex mixture can be specifically labeled if it is the only one with a free thiol group on its surface. 4 for more details). 5) to afford stable irreversible thioether linkages. Maleimides are unreactive toward tyrosine, histidine, or methionine residues.

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Chemistry of Bioconjugates: Synthesis, Characterization, and by Ravin Narain
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