By Committee on Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants, Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
January 2012 observed the of entirety of the U.S. Army's Chemical fabrics Agency's (CMA's) job to smash ninety percentage of the nation's stockpile of chemical guns. CMA accomplished destruction of the chemical brokers and linked guns deployed in another country, which have been transported to Johnston Atoll, southwest of Hawaii, and demilitarized there. the rest 10 percentage of the nation's chemical guns stockpile is kept at continental U.S. depots, in Lexington, Kentucky, and Pueblo, Colorado. Their destruction has been assigned to a separate U.S. military association, the Assembled Chemical guns choices (ACWA) Element.
ACWA is presently developing the final chemical guns disposal amenities, the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot vegetation (denoted PCAPP and BGCAPP), with guns destruction actions scheduled to begin in 2015 and 2020, respectively. ACWA is charged with destroying the mustard agent stockpile at Pueblo and the nerve and mustard agent stockpile at Blue Grass with out utilizing the a number of incinerators and furnaces used on the 5 CMA demilitarization crops that handled assembled chemical guns - munitions containing either chemical brokers and explosive/propulsive elements. the 2 ACWA demilitarization amenities are congressionally mandated to hire noncombustion-based chemical neutralization techniques to spoil chemical agents.
In order to securely function its disposal vegetation, CMA constructed equipment and systems to watch chemical agent infection of either secondary waste material and plant structural elements. ACWA presently plans to undertake those tools and systems to be used at those amenities. The Assessment of Agent tracking concepts for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants file additionally develops and describes a half-dozen situations regarding potential ACWA secondary waste characterization, strategy gear upkeep and changeover actions, and closure agent decontamination demanding situations, the place direct, real-time agent infection measurements on surfaces or in porous bulk fabrics may well enable extra effective and doubtless more secure operations if compatible analytical expertise is offered and affordable.
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Extra resources for Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo: Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
The assessment may be based on factors such as location of the item and its proximity to agent in the facility, use in the facility’s operational processes, and worker knowledge of the item’s history. Generator knowledge shall also use supporting records and documents to provide relevant historical details for definitive evidence of contamination assessment. Examples of records for contamination categorization include operational, maintenance, and/or monitoring documents that describe the system associated with the item supported (such as airlock and room agent readings, LSS [life support system] air readings) and any other records that would indicate the potential agent contamination of the item or material.
In the ACWA facilities, all areas through which munitions pass and where agent could be present at some time will be monitored for airborne agent in NRT using MINICAMS, and archival data will be obtained with Depot Area Air Monitoring System (DAAMS) thermal desorption tubes, which are collected for later gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis in the laboratory. These agent monitoring methods were described in more detail in the NRC report Monitoring at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities (NRC, 2005a).
Explosives removed and agent drained from munitions) that are treated on-site, and Secondary waste streams. Those generated by activities either in support of or downstream of the primary processes for agent and energetics destructionfor example, activated carbon, used demilitarization protective ensemble (DPE) suits, dunnage, and so on that ultimately leave the facility. These wastes include additional materials produced during facility closure such as demolished concrete. The characterization of the expected secondary wastes from the Pueblo and Blue Grass facilities and the planning for their disposal were described in detail in NRC, 2008a.
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