An Introduction to Human Physiology by D. F. Horrobin (auth.)

By D. F. Horrobin (auth.)

to Human body structure D. F. Horrobin released through MTP Press constrained SI. Leonard's residence, Lancaster, England Copyright © 1973, D. F. Horrobin ISBN-13: 978. . ()-85200-048-9 e-ISBN-13: 978-94-010-2349-8 001: 10. 1007/978-94-010-2349-8 First released 1973 No a part of this e-book can be reproduced in any shape with no permission from the publishers aside from the citation of short passages for the aim of evaluation Reprinted 1975 and 1976 by means of the Blackburn occasions Press, Northgate, Blackburn BBZ lAB Contents advent 2 the upkeep of a continuing inner surroundings 7 21 three Biochemistry The frightened procedure forty five four The Endocrine procedure five seventy nine The physique Fluids and Blood 6 ninety three 7 flow a hundred and five eight The respiration procedure 119 nine The Kidneys and Urinary Tract 129 10 The Alimentary Tract 137 eleven The Reproductive method one hundred forty five 12 Responses of the full physique 159 An creation to Human body structure Author's Preface in lots of fie1dliof learn it really is obscure the sig­ nificance of the half ahead of one is familiar with the entire. but one can't comprehend the full with no earlier figuring out of the elements. The hindrance is likely one of the such a lot tricky difficulties to be solved by way of the instructor and in no topic is it extra vital than in body structure. In body structure greater than in so much matters the half serves the full and the complete serves the elements in an awfully in detail built-in manner.

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It does not secrete bile itself but it does remove some of the water from bile so making it more concentrated. 5. Lymphatics These collect any excess intercellular fluid and return it to the blood. COMPOSITION OF BILE Bile is a substance whose importance lies partly in its role in the digestion of fats and partly in the fact that it is the route by which many substances are excreted from the body. The bile salts (sodium salts of glycocholic and taurocholic acids) act as detergents and help in the digestion of fats.

It is therefore important to be particularly careful when giving drugs to patients with liver disease. A normal dose for a normal person may be an overdose for such a patient because he cannot destroy the drug properly. 5. Various iodine-containing compounds. These are artificially manufactured substances which are opaque to Xrays: this means that they can be identified in the body by the shadows they throw on X-ray films. Some of the substances used are very opaque indeed and when injected intravenously they outline first the biliary tree and then the gall bladder.

These are mainly formed by the breakdown of the haem part of the blood pigment haemoglobin. The brownish-yellow bilirubin is formed first. When stored in the gall bladder bilirubin may be converted to the dark green biliverdin. The bile pigments are responsible for the normal brown colour of the faeces and will be further discussed later in the chapter. 2. Cholesterol. This steroid is secreted in large amounts by the bile. 17 The bile system. 3. Alkaline phosphatase. This is an enzyme which is made in the bones and which is removed from the blood 34 An Introduction to Human Physiology by the liver.

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An Introduction to Human Physiology by D. F. Horrobin (auth.)
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