Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence by Simon Hug

By Simon Hug

New political events have frequently seemed in constructed democracies around the globe. In a few nations concerns targeting the surroundings, immigration, monetary decline, and nearby issues were dropped at the leading edge by way of new political events. In different nations those matters were addressed by means of tested events, and new issue-driven events have did not shape. most modern learn is not able to provide an explanation for why less than yes situations new matters or missed outdated ones bring about the formation of latest events. in accordance with a unique theoretical framework, this examine demonstrates the an important interaction among confirmed events and attainable newbies to give an explanation for the emergence of latest political parties.
Deriving strong hypotheses from an easy theoretical version, the ebook proceeds to a learn of get together formation in twenty-two constructed democracies. New or overlooked concerns nonetheless seem as a driver in explaining the emergence of recent events, yet their impression is partly mediated via institutional components, comparable to entry to the poll, public aid for events, and the electoral approach. The hypotheses partially aid current theoretical paintings, yet partly current new insights. The theoretical version additionally pinpoints difficulties of study layout which are rarely addressed within the comparative literature on new political events. those insights from the theoretical version result in empirical assessments that increase on these hired within the literature and make allowance for a much-enhanced figuring out of the formation and the luck of latest parties.
Simon Hug is Lecturer in Political technology, collage of Geneva.

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Extra resources for Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies

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The first one had almost no personal ties to another party, while the second one clearly formed as a breakaway from an existing party, namely the Labour Party. In the remaining case (the Netherlands), a new party seemed, for a long time, hardly necessary and, therefore, failed to form rapidly. The groups that stood behind the three new parties or potential new parties also distinguish themselves considerably. In two of the cases, the demands the groups voiced were either extreme or quite new. In the last one, the demands were much more moderate and can be placed at the center of an ideological scale.

This can have important consequences, as was the case with the German Greens. From the eyes of most authors who wrote about this case, which was also discussed by Schoonmaker (1988), the traditional parties failed to adopt the demands of the protest groups.? Interestingly enough, only after the German Green party was actually formed, did they finally realize how important these demands were: 7. Von Oppeln (1989) illustrates this velY convincingly in her study of the nuclear protest movement in Hessen.

Maser 1981,355, my translation) These demands are of a serious nature and, in fact, almost imply the abolishment of the Weimar Republic. Neumann (1965, 73) therefore characterizes the NSDAP as a protest group. During this period the NSDAP was actively collaborating with other conspiracy groups against the Weimar Republic. With the help of the Bavarian government serious preparations were made to overthrow the Weimar Republic in a march to Berlin. But, in November of 1923, the head of the Bavarian government informed the paramilitary units that there was to be no Putsch (Orlow 1973,44).

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Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence by Simon Hug
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