Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg

By Hans Ruthenberg

In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for monetary learn) tested an "African experiences Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior learn into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. through investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing international locations, the experiences Centre will objective at contributing in the direction of the production of a authentic basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's strengthen ment coverage should be conducted successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold initiatives. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up useful or even crucial, if incorrect and slim decisions are to be shunned. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the complicated useful dating which make sure monetary occasions and their mutations outdoor Western commercial society than may be regularly completed via an remoted method. clever total fiscal making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his method usually styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).

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Cotton, pyrethrum and coffee are relatively good money earners. One can assurne the more successful third of the farmers to save quite a bit. These savings are rarely used for productive purposes. A large part of them is put into cattle. Savings are lost for capital formation because there are phenomena such as the "cotton cyde". Cotton (1) means cash earnings. Some of these earnings are saved and (2) invested in cattle. Hence, there is a concentration of cattle in cotton-growing areas where, in consequence of increased cotton cultivation, grazing has been cut down.

Prod. Expenses 5 2005 345 2045 326 Accounting profit 1660 1719 Productivity Labour available in man equiv. 6 Labour use in crop cultivation . Labour use as p. c. of labour available Accounting profit per man equiv. in shs . 08 34% 540 Only farms of the average profit group. 20. 3 Of total sampIe, not only average profit group. 4 Without paddy. 5 Mainly cattle purchases. E. Source: COLLINSON, M. : Report on Bukumbi Survey. Mimeo. 1962. - ditto: Farm Management Survey No. 2. Usmao, Sukumaland, 1963.

They are less reliable. 2 C/J 1960 and 1961. 3 lnd. change in capital invested. 4 1961 harvest was exceptionally poor. 27 insecticides is customary. Interest is growing in copper spraying and mineral fertilizers. Most of the farmers buy some mulch (steppe-hay) in addition to their cattle manure. Worthy of note, to~, are the beginnings of a rational milk production. The income from coffee has resulted in a greater demand for milk. The price per gallon is 3-4 shs. Some farmers are buying Jersey cows from the estates in order to seIl milk to their neighbours.

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Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg
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