By John K. Nelson
During this booklet, John Nelson reconstructs daily Anglican non secular perform and event in Virginia from the tip of the 17th century to the beginning of the yankee Revolution. difficult past characterizations of the colonial Anglican institution as susceptible, he finds the basic function the church performed within the political, social, and financial in addition to the religious lives of its parishioners. Drawing on large examine in parish and county documents and different basic assets, Nelson describes Anglican Virginia's parish method, its parsons, its rituals of worship and rites of passage, and its parishioners' different relationships to the church. All colonial Virginians--men and girls, wealthy and bad, old and young, planters and retailers, servants and slaves, dissenters and freethinkers--belonged to a parish. As such, they have been topic to its levies, its authority over marriage, and different social and fiscal dictates. as well as its non secular capabilities, the parish supplied crucial take care of the negative, collaborated with the courts to deal with civil disputes, and exerted its impact over many different features of neighborhood lifestyles. A Blessed corporation demonstrates that, by way of creatively adapting Anglican parish association and the language, types, and modes of Anglican spirituality to the Chesapeake's distinct environmental and human stipulations, colonial Virginians sustained a remarkably powerful and devoted Anglican church within the previous Dominion.
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Extra info for A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishioners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776
Two-year terms were the norm in St. Peter’s (New Kent). In the s two new wardens were selected every two years. Early in the s, however, the parish began staggering the two-year terms so that there was always one warden providing continuity of experience. Stratton Major (King and Queen) generally replaced its wardens every year. In dramatic contrast, Lynnhaven (Princess Anne) retained the services of Anthony Walke as warden from to . Jacob Ellegood shared the oﬃce with Walke for fourteen years, serving from to .
8 In addition to parish size, there was another complementary and compelling reason for the creation of a ‘‘select’’ vestry in Virginia. 9 In Virginia there was no private patronage. Responsibility for the parish’s temporal property and for its spiritual and social duties had to be vested in someone or some group. ’’ 14 Virginians understood ‘‘most able’’ to mean the wealthiest in land and servants or slaves, the most respected and inﬂuential by virtue of family connections, and those who in the judgment of their peers were most honest, honorable, and .
Between and the General Assembly established ﬁfty-seven new parishes. In addition, it repeatedly authorized minor adjustments of parish boundaries to accommodate population shifts and environmental obstacles other than rivers. 38 What impelled vestries and parishioners to push for change, particularly since increased local taxes were the most immediate consequences? One behavioral clue appears in the correlation between the number of tithables and a decision to divide. St. Mark’s Parish (in Orange County until and thereafter in Culpeper) underwent three divisions between and .
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