A biographical history of endocrinology by D. Lynn Loriaux

By D. Lynn Loriaux

Establishing endocrinology as a different clinical forte used to be no effortless activity. This enticing quantity chronicles the adventure in the course of the tales of the boys –and occasional women—who formed the area of expertise throughout the ages.

In 108 short chapters, A Biographical background of Endocrinology illuminates the growth of endocrinology from Hippocrates to the fashionable day. the writer highlights vital leaders and their contributions to the sphere, together with those early pioneers:

  • Kos and Alexandria, and the 1st human anatomy
  • Bartolomeo Eustachi and the adrenal gland
  • Richard decrease and the pituitary gland
  • Thomas Addison and adrenal insufficiency
  • Franz Leydig and testosterone secreting cells
  • Wiliam Stewart Halsted and surgical procedure of the thyroid gland
  • John J. Abel and isolation of hormones
  • Hakaru Hashimoto and his disease

Covering all of the watershed moments within the background of the career, the publication identifies key figures whose contributions stay appropriate at the present time. Their attention-grabbing tales of experiments and reviews, advocacy and adversity, and exploring unknown territory will encourage the subsequent iteration of endocrinologists and fulfill each clinician who ever questioned "how did we get here?"

This entire but concise biographical background of endocrinology will profit not just working towards and potential endocrinologists, but in addition different clinical experts and scientific historians.

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Aretaeus reached Venice when the Byzantine scholars fled Constantinople as it fell to the Turks in 1453. They took the manuscripts to Italy. Aretaeus’ original Greek edition was published for all to see and read in 1554. When we read Aretaeus in English, there have been, at most, two translations. It makes all the difference. Here are some of Aretaeus’ ­writings for you to judge yourself, starting with the most celebrated. On diabetes Diabetes is a wonderful affliction, not very frequent among men, being a melting down of the flesh and limbs into urine.

Aristotle was charged with impiety because of a eulogy he had written for Hermias many years before. Fearing for his life, he fled Athens to his mother’s property in Chalcis. E. Aristotle determined, in great measure, the form and direction of western intellectual growth. His range of erudition stretches credulity. He worked in physics, chemistry, zoology, biology, botany, psychology, politics and ethics, logic and metaphysics, history, literary theory, rhetoric, and dialectic. He created formal logic (Aristotelian logic) and began the formal study of zoology.

People should abstain from coitus at the times we have indicated as especially dangerous, that is, the time directly before and after menstruation. Further, the woman ought in the moment during coitus when the man ejaculates his sperm, to hold her breath, draw her body back a little 22 A Biographical History of Endocrinology so that the semen cannot penetrate into the os uterus, then immediately get up and sit down with bent knees, and in this position, provoke sneezes. Conception is prevented by smearing the mouth of the womb with old (sour) oil or honey or cedar gum or opobalsam (balm Gilead), either alone or mixed with ceruse (white lead), or with an ointment prepared with myrtle oil and ceruse, or with alum, which is likewise to be watered before coitus, or galbanum in wine.

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